Another slighty trickier, but more accurate, way of finding south is to use the Southern Cross and the pointer stars from the neighbouring constellation, Centaurus. Go half way between them and proceed at right angles. This item has been provided for private study purposes (such as school projects, family and local history research) and any published reproduction (print or electronic) may infringe copyright law. When you head outside to stargaze in the early autumn evenings, you will first notice two bright stars on a diagonal. How to find the direction of south by using the Southern Cross. Different seasons and times of the year determine which constellations are visible. Drop a line straight down to the horizon to find due south! Find the pointer stars. If you’re in the Southern Hemisphere, the North Star won’t help you navigate. Identify the Southern Cross and the Two Pointers (part of Centaurus), careful to avoid the ‘false cross’. The Southern Cross. This constellation is always visible in the Southern Hemisphere. The constellation is not visible in the northern hemisphere. And you can even find south using the Southern Cross! Unlike the star known as Polaris in the Northern Hemisphere, there is no polar star indicating south in the night sky of the Southern Hemisphere. Delta Crucis is known as a subgiant star and is about 360 light years away. The brighter of the two pointer stars, Rigel Kentaurus, may look like one star with the naked eye, but when you look at it through a medium to large telescope, you’ll see there are two stars. Maggy Wassilieff, 'Southern Cross - Orientation and navigation', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/diagram/7486/navigating-by-the-southern-cross (accessed 19 January 2021), Story by Maggy Wassilieff, published 12 Jun 2006. Finding the real Southern Cross can be tricky, as there are four other bright stars nearby. In each case due south is in the centre. Where that line meets the line formed by the two most widely separated stars in the Southern Cross is the south point in the sky (the South Celestial Pole). In the southern hemisphere the Southern Cross is used to find south and Polaris is not visible. There are three ways to locate due south using the Southern Cross: 1. In early autumn evenings, the Southern Cross itself is above the Pointers. Be the first to answer! But that not all! Most people simply see an ocean of glittering stars, but with just a small amount of knowledge, you will be able to learn the star patterns of the constellations which reveal a world of ancient stories, spread out across the night sky. But in the real sky there is no marker to the SCP. Although it does get very low on the horizon depending where you are in. It looks like a diamond lying on its side and is actually made up of five stars. The Southern Cross is represented on the national flags of Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Samoa and Brazil. Locate south by dropping a vertical line from here to the horizon. Also known as The Crux, it is comprised of four or five major stars arranged in a cross like pattern and visible in the southern sky at night. Complétez votre Collection Southern Cross. Why is Now the Best Time to be A Stargazer? This is the smallest of the 88 constellations and throughout autumn and winter you can find it lying high in the southern sky. There are a pair of bright stars, the one on the right Alpha Centauri. Locate the Southern Cross constellation. We’ll send you a FREE Telescope Cheat Sheet! Extend an imaginary line from the dimmer of the two Pointers to a lone bright star called Achernar. Position. Découvrez des références, des avis, des crédits, des chansons, et bien plus encore à propos de Southern Cross - Southern Cross sur Discogs. Finding South Using the Stars. Crux means “the cross” in Latin and carries cultural significance in many countries in the southern hemisphere. 2. Now let’s find south using the Southern Cross. It’s the 12th brightest star we see in the night sky and is 321 light-years away. 2. A stone image of Crux constellation has been found in Machu Picchu in Peru. Together, the two stars are commonly known as the “Pointers”, because they seem to point towards the Southern Cross. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence. But it is a notable star as it is our next closest star to Earth after the Sun, at a mere 4.2 light years away. Epsilon Crucis – Epsilon is an orange giant and is approximately 228 light years away. Instead, find true south using the Southern Cross constellation. When using the Pointers to find south, draw a line perpendicular to the line joining the two stars and about halfway between them. From the Southern Hemisphere, the Southern Cross points the way south. There are a couple of ways to use it to find south. In the northern hemisphere Polaris, the North Star, tends to get all the attention when it comes to finding direction using the stars. Find the midpoint between the Two Pointers. 2. The International Astronomical Union website is a great place to take a look at all 88 constellations. Draw an imaginary line from the top of the cross to the bottom and extend it 4.5 times. As this video says, it’s been used for years by seafarers in the southern hemisphere for navigation; you can do the same and use it to find south. It is the responsibility of the user of any material to obtain clearance from the copyright holder. the southern cross constellation can be used to find south is once located the southern cross measure 5 1/2 times south east direction an you will find south . This is, in general, the direction of south. The end of that line marks near the south celestial pole. The Five Most Interesting Meteorite Impact Craters Across the Globe. It's called polaris australis or sigma octantis. One of the easiest and well-known constellations to find is the Southern Cross. The Southern Cross is officially what’s known as an asterism, a collection of stars that belong to the constellation of Crux. Note that the long axis of the cross always points to the center of the disk. But if you live south of the equator, it’s not the Big Dipper that people choose as their guide to the night sky. The Southern Cross is the best known and most represented star group in the Southern Hemisphere. So, enjoy this beautiful constellation, shining so brilliantly overhead in our southern night sky. Hello Dave. Roughly, where these two lines intersect, marks our South Celestial Pole. All text licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence unless otherwise stated. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. It looks like a diamond lying on its side and is actually made up of five stars. When you look up into the night sky, what do you see? The South Celestial Pole is about halfway along this line. There are three ways to locate due south using the Southern Cross: 1. There are many constellations that can be seen in both the northern and southern hemispheres; however, each hemisphere hosts some constellations that are visible only in one or the other. See if you can find Crux in the list. It is normal on flags to represent the Southern Cross 'standing up' with the brightest star at the bottom and three stars at the top. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. 0 0 1. For locations south of 34°S, Crux is circumpolar and thus always visible in the night sky. Extend this line from Acrux (the brightest star) for 4.5 times the length of the Southern Cross, as shown in the diagram below. View 1: The constellation called "Southern cross" or "Crux" is low down. Make an imaginary line between Gacrux and Acrux. You’ve found south! All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. Crux constellation is also bordered by Musca, the Fly.To find the Southern Cross, first look for the two very bright stars nearby, Alpha and Beta Centauri. One way is to extend the line made by the long axis of the cross 4 1/2 times the length of the cross. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Now let’s find south using the Southern Cross. Southern Cross (Titre original: Chōjikū Kidan Southern Cross, Titre anglais: Super Dimensional Cavalry: Southern Cross, Titre international: Robotech - The Masters) est un anime de science-fiction japonais en 24 épisodes de 26 minutes, diffusée en 1984 au Japon. The constellation is made up of 4 bright stars that form a kite shape if you trace the border around them. There are several methods of doing this but the simplest is as follows. It holds special meaning in Australia and New Zealand, where it is circumpolar (continually visible above the horizon) and can be seen throughout the year. The Southern Cross climbs highest - due south - in the evening around now. Draw an imaginary line from the top of the cross to the bottom and extend it 4.5 times. Extend an imaginary line from the dimmer of the two Pointers to a lone bright star called Achernar. Locate south by dropping a vertical line from the South Celestial Pole to the horizon. If you see the cross upright or upside down, like above, you are approximately facing south. We know that the long arm of the cross points towards the SCP, but how far away is it? Explorez les références de Southern Cross sur Discogs. Find the two stars that make up the lengthwise portion of the cross and imagine a line that extends out four and a half times greater than the full length of the cross. These stars are labeled alpha, beta, gamma, delta and epsilon. Another way to find this point is to use the pointer stars. These are called Rigel Kentaurus A & B. By continuing to use this website, you consent to the use of cookies in accordance with our Cookie Policy. We can't find the page you're looking for. The Southern Cross is located near the larger constellation Centaurus, which surrounds it on three sides. At the same time imagine another perpendicular line extending from between the Pointers. Circumpolar constellations are useful reference points f… 3. Drop a line straight down to the horizon to find due south! The cross is also on the Australian flag (although it shows all five stars compared to New Zealand’s four). Beta Crucis, also known as Mimosa, is the second brightest star of the Crux constellation and is approximately 350 light years from Earth. Be the first to answer this question. Who doesn't love being #1? 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